CONQUERING WINDFLOWS

Climats contruits - Philippe Rahm atelier
ENSA Versailles

Architectural project

With: Elodie Artièrs

What if windflows, humidity and heat become a tool to shape future and adaptable architectures? Of course, metereological and climate conditions change from a place to another and this would mean linking architecture and territories in a way that hasn't been done since the time of vernacular architecture. During this atelier we explored how meteorological phenomena could become a new aestethic reference for architectural design: each group worked on a specific french region and environmental condition developping possible links between these two. Our elements were WIND and BRETAGNE cultural background. After studying them, we designed a new building that was able to link history, tradition, "terroir" and windflows.

WIND, SHAPES & FLOWS.

 

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BRETAGNE.

 

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LINKING WIND & BRETAGNE TERRITORY: FNAC.

FNAC is a well-known store chain that sells electrical appliances, books, dvd, tickets for cultural events and so on. It's spread all over France and the idea is to link this type of shop with the local culture. In our case, we have decided to link the FNAC store with the traditional "marché breton" (Bretagne street market). 

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SITE PLAN.

As we have seen in the territorial analysis, the Bretagne region is extremly windy: Lorient, our study site, is on the coast and it's event more exposed to it. Our new building, that replaces the actual FNAC store, is oriented towards S-W and faces most of the wind coming from the ocean. Thus, we have imagined a façade that could "catch" most windflows and direct them inside the building to achieve different heat gradient and air renewal.

CONVECTIVE FLUX & FUNCTIONAL PROGRAM.

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PLANS & AXONOMETRIES.

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FAÇADE & LONGITUDINAL SECTION.

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CROSS SECTION & TECHNICAL DETAIL.

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